Workbook on Digital Private Papers > Legal issues > Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual Property Rights

Reviewing copyright law in the digital age

UK

Gowers Review of Intellectual Property

As part of the Pre-Budget Report 2005, the Chancellor of the Exchequer appointed Andrew Gowers to lead an independent review to examine the UK's intellectual property framework. The review, delivered in December 2006, includes recommendations that would benefit archival institutions if implemented. These are:

US

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)

The DMCA became law in the US in 1998. It implements two 1996 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) treaties: the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty. The legislation makes it an offence to circumvent copyright protection mechanisms and increases penalties for infringement of copyright on the Internet.

The Section 108 Study Group

The Section 108 Study Group is a select committee of copyright experts convened by the Library of Congress, which has been charged with updating for the digital world the Copyright Act's balance between the rights of creators and copyright owners and the needs of libraries and archives.